Welcome to an excellent Spanish program at North! 

¡Bienvenidos a un excelente programa de español en el Norte!

COURSE SYLLABUS: SPAN& 221 (Fall 2011)



List of Courses | Syllabi I Resources | Contacting the Instructor | Assignments | Study Guides |Alumni

INSTRUCTOR: Cristina C. Zahajko
Office Hours: 5:00-5:25 pm M.W
12:00-12:50am M.T.W.Th (preferably by appt.)

Telephone: (206) 934-4539
Fax: (206) 934- 3784

E - mail: cristina.zahajko@seattlecolleges.edu

Web page: http://facweb.northseattle.edu/czahajko/

* for homework - go to Ass221Fall.htm

TUTORING CENTER - language learning assistance:

Page One Writing and Language Center

Find it under tutoring:



Hi Cristina,

I heard this song in my 1st year of Spanish and I've remembered the Capitals of Latin America ever since! Check it out at the link below


Hasta Luego,

This is the link to the Destinos video -



>Horizontes - Repaso y conversación Quinta Edición (Spanish Edition) ISBN 0-471-47600-5 Gilman/ Levy-Konesky - Wiley - (Companion Web Site - www.wiley.com/college/gilman
>Spanish for Business & Finance - Jarvis Lebredo, 7th Ed. ISBN 0-618-50574-1 HOUGHTON (Student Website - http://www.college.hmco.com/students)

>At least one current Spanish language newspaper, such as Sea Latino

>See attached list for presentation topics .

SPAN&221 (Spanish IV) is the first segment of the intermediate level. Completion of the 100 series or instructor's permission is required. Students learn about HISPANIC CULTURE, ART, LITERATURE and CURREN EVENTS while reviewing the grammatical structures covered in the SPAN&121-3 level.

Students are also introduced to PRACTICAL BUSINESS TERMINOLOGY (in Spanish) used in import/export, transportation, stock market and other commercial transactions.

The course is conducted entirely in Spanish and students are expected to have knowledge of verbal and other grammatical structures.

The communicative skills are measured by:

+ class participation (regular attendance is crucial)
+ class presentations
+ preparation of material for classroom dialogues
+ interviews and discussions with guest speakers
+ conversation, class drills and interviews with fellow classmates


A) Based on General Education ( NSCC)(2006)

A Definition of General Education

In accordance with the mission of N S C C , the college community affirms the place of general education in all programs. 

General education provides the non-specialized portion of students' education, emphasizing attitudes necessary to function as a citizen and life-long learner, skills required for college level inquiry and competence, and knowledge that demonstrates awareness of the complex world in which we live.


To help students achieve the outcomes of general education, certain attitudes should pervade the entire culture of NSCC and encourage faculty, staff and students to:

•  Recognize the value of intellectual inquiry, personal responsibility, and ethical behavior.

•  Discover the interdisciplinary nature of knowledge.

•  Demonstrate a willingness to learn from many cultures, persons, methods, and viewpoints.

•  Be actively involved in the community.

•  Find joy in the process of self-discovery, in expressing oneself creatively, and in life­long learning.


General education will provide introduction and practice in the ability to think critically, to use quantitative reasoning, to write, to demonstrate information literacy, to use computer skills, to work in groups, and to deal with diversity. 

This course will satisfy the following:

Outcome 1. Think critically in reading and writing .

Outcome 3. Discover, develop, and communicate one's own creative and critical ideas in writing and to respond in effective writing to the spoken, written, and visual ideas of others.

Outcome 4. Access, evaluate, and apply information from a variety of sources and a variety of contexts.

Outcome 6. Work and communicate effectively in groups.

Outcome 7. Deal constructively with information, ideas, and emotions associated with such issues of diversity and conflict as culture, ethnicity, race, gender, religion, age, sexual orientation, and abilities.

Outcome 8. Understand major ideas, values, beliefs, and experiences that have shaped human history and cultures.

Outcome 9. Understand artistic expression as an essential human and cultural phenomenon.

Outcome 11. Understand the nature of the individual and the relationship between the self and the community.

Outcome 12. Understand the United States as a multicultural society.

Outcome 13. Understand the elements of a global society.

B) Specifically:

By the end of SPAN&221 students will:
+ have greatly improved their writing skills in Spanish. They will have replaced basic vocabulary with more sophisticated language expressions.
+ have used and practiced all grammatical structures, but thoroughly reviewed and expanded on the present and the simple past tenses, and on the adjective formations.

+have been introduced to most of the outstanding literary and artistic Hispanic works as well as to the Hispanic Nobel laureates.
+ have knowledge of important current events in the Hispanic world and know how to find them.
+ be aware of local activities in our Hispanic community.

Grammatical structures, vocabulary, idioms, written assignments and oral drills will be taken from >>Horizontes -
Chapters 1-3

and Spanish for Business and Finance Preliminary - chapter 4

 (Suggested Organization)

#1.  A notebook with 5 divisions is ideal for this course:  

A.  Classroom notes  
B.     1.  List of homework assignments  
    2.  Homework with page and exercise numbers  
 C. Verbs  
    1.  Regular  
    2.  Irregular
    3.  With Prepositions
D.  Vocabulary  
    1.  Nouns  
      a.  Masculine
      b.  Feminine  
    2.  Adjectives  
  E.   Idiomatic Formations  

#2.  Sitting arrangement. Please rotate around the classroom every class day, so that throughout the quarter, you may be able to work with every single student. Since we have different backgrounds and levels of Spanish knowledge in class, this interaction will be of benefit to all students.

GRADING SYSTEM: The final grade will be based on the total number of points earned during the quarter. The maximum of 390 will be computed as follows:

Class presentation: Each student is expected to make a 15-minute cultural presentation (no more than 2 double- spaced word-processed pages) followed by a 5-minute question-and-answer session. The subjects must be either taken from the list attached to this syllabus or related to the Hispanic culture, Art and Literatureand approved by the instructor.
(BECAUSE THIS COURSE TRANSFERS AS INTRODUCTION TO SPANISH/HISPANIC LITERATURE, WE NEED TO COVER ALL PERIODS OF OF ITS DEVELOPMENT - therefore, the instructor may not allow some suggestions that will heavily shift the balance into one period, i.e., XX or XXI century) . 50 points

+ The instructor will schedule the presentations.
+ All presentations (vocabulary too) must be corrected by the instructor before delivery.


It must be listed in this manner Spanish-English

1)   Sustantivosa) masculino el cohete = the firecracker, the rocket    b) femenino  

la luna = the moon

2)   Verbos (They should always be listed in the infinitive forms, and should be showing stem changes in parentheses)  

reír (í, í)= to laugh

3) Expresiones Idiomáticas

a diestras y siniestras = left and right

P.S.  Include in the vocabulary list any words or expressions that you had to look up in the dictionary yourself .  Any pertinent illustrations are greatly encouraged.

The presentation must be limited to 15 minutes to allow for a 5 minute  question-and-answer session .

+ The vocabulary must be handed in to the instructor for correcting 3 week days before the presentation. NOTE: All of these elements will be reflected in the grade:

-- the vocabulary list turned in neatly and on time.
-- a well- structured written-presentation - corrected by the instructor before hand.
-- selection of audio/visual aids.
-- oral presentation-pronunciation,etc.

Class Participation: Each student will receive up to 100 points for his/her participation in class. The instructor's criteria will be based on discussion of written and oral assignments, pronunciation, reading techniques, preparation of questions for classroom dialogues, class attendance and the laboratory exercises. Great emphasis given to attendance for the full class period each day,  participation in class ,  homework turned in or reviewed in class on the day that it is due, reading skills, structure comprehension , pronunciation, discussion of “Destinos” video , class group activities, overall oral proficiency, laboratory exercises etc. 100 points


Attendance is mandatory and the key element in grading class participation. If the student foresees more than one day of absenteeism during the quarter, s/he must discuss the circumstances with the instructor.

***VERY IMPORTANT NOTE: This course is not designed for students who have a reasonable knowledge of the language and want to take a couple of exams. If this is your situation, please ask about our Challenge exams.



Current events:
Each student will make a 5-minute oral commentary on a current event related to the Hispanic Culture. The subjects will not be preassigned and students are encouraged to check for Hispanic community events, films, presentations, speakers, programs, concerts, dances, etc. A brief review of events attended by the student and/or commentaries on media releases will also be acceptable. (This does not have to be written) IT MUST BE PRESENTED IN STUDENT'S OWN WORDS; NOT READ. 10 points
Internet Resources
CNN en Español
The Latino On-line News Network (LATNN.com)
Washington State Commission on Hispanic Affairs

Local Activities

On the day in which the current event is presented, the same student will announce between one and 3 local activities in the Hispanic Community. This is a simple report of WHAT, WHEN, WHY, WHERE something is going on and HOW MUCH it costs.
La Voz newspaper /
Sea latino


Guest speakers:

There will be three sets of questions required from the students to interview guest speakers. Each set will be worth 10 points. If we should not have 3 speakers, there will be another written assignment required to turn in to compensate for the 10 points. (THESE POINTS ARE VERY IMPORTANT, AS THEY ARE CONSIDERED QUIZ GRADES) - 30 points
Exams 200 points
1.   A 2-page typewritten essay due on Wednesday, Nov. 16 (Using all verbal formations in the present tense) on the topic


Tema: "Reflexiones sobre mi vida y/en el siglo XXI (Usar el tiempo presente exclusivamente)Incluir estas formaciones:

1) Combinación de verbos, i.e., Yo tengo que comprar...

2) Familia de gustar: Me encanta preparar...

3) Reflexivo: Mis amigos se preocupan...

4) Pasado reciente : Acabo de...

5) Futuro inmediato: Creo que voy a....

6) Presente progresivo: En estos días nosotros estamos saliendo..

7) Presente perfecto: Yo ya le he dicho..

8) Usos de "hace...que": Hace dos años que estoy viviendo en Seattle...

9) Pronombres de complemento directo e indirecto: Yo me lo repito...109) Variedad de adjetivos... Mi trabajo es fascinante...

11) Comparaciones y superlativos. Estoy pasando por los momentos más interesantes de mi vida hasta ahora...

12) Expresiones afirmativas y negativas. Algunas veces me pregunto si estoy haciendo buenas decisiones... Nunca me preocupo por tener cosas materiales...


2. Final consisting of 2 parts: Total 100 points

a) A selection of questions about the presentations.

b) A question-and-answer segment and a translation using the grammatical structures reviewed during the quarter.

Total 390 points

Other Credits:
*a) Perfect attendance - full session 5:30-7:45pm -10 points

*b) Extra credit from the selection following:

To a maximum of            10 points

* 5 min. skit (turn in a written draft to be corrected before oral presentation)

*Class presentation and drill of a grammatical point.
* Presentation of "how to use or operate" something (full explanation given in Spanish)
* Written presentation of vocabulary and its application -from sources outside of the textbook - i.e. magazines, films, radio, TV, Internet, etc.
* Meeting of study groups --students must obtain a standard form to record the 5 meetings (detailed explanation is required)
* Peer-tutoring helping a classmate at least 5 different times for one hour each time. Tutor gets credit. (Form must be obtained)
* Reviewing a local Hispanic restaurant (non-chain) and turning a paragraph of at least 10 sentences using the preterit and the imperfect forms of the past, vocabulary for foods and partitive expressions.

*Conversation Hour - Students will receive 3 points for meeting 5 times for 1 hour each time. Schedule will be listed on assignments page (need to turn in the attendance form (signed-by-the- facilitator)]

* Etc. (please submit your suggestions)

* Service Learning. Students may get 5 points for working as volunteers in a Spanish-speaking helping capacity. Students must work at least 5 hours. They must present a) documentation signed by the supervisor of the program b) a brief report 10 sentences in Spanish about the project.

*Mini-porfolio "Mi vida en español" Making Learning Visible (Best work will be exhibited at the symposium in June) . Organizing all "para entregar" homework after rewriting all corrections, illustrating and turning it in. (Students must make all of the corrections in order to get the full points) 3 points

*Conversation. Students will receive 3 points for participating 5 hours in the conversation sessions offered by the Loft. (Note this is not the regular "tutoring" session)

* Borderline students (with excellent class participation ) may be granted up to: 3 bonus points (usually on exam #1)

Wed. Nov. 16 (At home essay) (ACCEPTED ONLY ON THIS DAY)


Wede Dec. 14, 5:30pm (Final )(grammar portion)
Mon. Dec 12 (Literary topics take-home portion of final exam)

The Seattle Community Colleges use a numerical grading system. Numerical grades may be considered equivalent to letter grades as follow:

                        A                        94-100                  3.9-4.0                         (367-390)
                        A-                       91-93                    3.5-3.8      Excellent    (355-366)
                        B+                      88-90                    3.2-3.4                         (343-354)
                        B                        84-87                    2.9-3.1       High        (328-342)
                        B-                       81-83                    2.5-2.8                         (316-327)
                        C+                      78-80                    2.2-2.4                         (304-315)
                        C                        74-77                    1.9-2.1     Average       (289-303)
                        C-                       71-73                    1.5-1.8                         (277-288)
                        D+                      66-70                    1.2-1.4                         (257-276)
                        D                        60-65                    0.9-1.1    Minimum      (234-256)
                        D-                       55-59                    0.7-0.8                         (215-233)
                        E                                                       0.0 Unsatisfactory  (214 and below)

Students cannot receive a grade of W (withdraw) after the eighth week of classes.  If you need to withdraw from this class for any reason, please do so before the final day of the eighth week.

Accommodations for students with disabilities.

In our commitment to student learning we want to support all students. If you have a disability that will affect your performance in this class please let me know . Students with disabilities are encouraged to use Disability Services for support in implementing reasonable accommodations for their disabilities. You may make an appointment with Disability Services by calling (206) 934 3697 or stopping by the DS office on the 2 nd floor of the Campus Center.


Seattle College District has a zero-tolerance policy on sexual harassment, discrimination, sexual violence, rape, bullying, or hazing. Please see District Policy and Procedure 419 for our process on investigating and responding to reports of sexual harassment and sexual discrimination. If you have experienced sexual harassment or discrimination, sexual violence, or bullying, or are aware of an incident involving these violations, report it immediately to NSC’s Title IX Coordinator (Marty Logan at  206-934-7792, marty.logan@seattlecolleges.edu) or to the District Compliance Officer (Jennie Chen at 206-934-3873, jennie.chen@seattlecolleges.edu ).  All Seattle Colleges faculty are required by the District to report incidents of sexual misconduct to the Title IX Coordinator.



Aztecas, Mayas y otras civilizaciones indígenas de Méjico y Centroamérica
Incas (Perú) y otras partes de la región andina.
Otros grupos indígenas: Mesquitos (Nicaragua), Cuna (Panamá), Tainos (Puerto Rico / Cuba), Aymará (Bolivia) etc.
Otros grupos étnicos; el gaucho (Argentina), el llanero (Venezuela)
El problema actual en Méjico con los Mayas debido al tratado internacional N.A.F.T.A. /
El tratado de C.A.F.T.A

La dominación árabe durante 8 siglos. Influencia arábe en la cultura española.

Argentina, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Colombia, Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, España, Guatemala,
Honduras, Méjico, Nicaragua. Panamá, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Perú, República Dominicana, Venezuela, Uruguay.
Mejicanoamericanos, cubanoamericanos, puertorriqueños, otros.



José Echegaray Carlos S. Lamas
Jacinto Benavente
Juan Ramón Jiménez
Camilo J. Cela
Vicente Aleixandre

Gabriela Mistral {Primera persona latinoamericana en ganar este galardón}

Pablo Neruda

(Perú) Mario Vargas Llosa

(Guatemala) Miguel Angel Asturias

(Méjico) Octavio Paz



Carlos S. Lamas Adolfo Equivel

(Costa Rica) Oscar Arias

(Guatemala) Rigoberta Menchú

Algunos autores importantes: Cervantes , Ana M. Matute (España), Carlos Fuentes, Elena Poniatowski, Laura Esquivel (Méjico), Isabel Allende (Chile), Vargas Llosa, Ciro Alegría (Perú), Jorge Luis Borges (Argentina) etc.

Luis Pales Matos (Puerto Rico) – La infuencia africana en el español del Caribe.
Afonsina Sarni (Argentina) La madre soltera en la sociedad hispanoamericana.
José Hernández (Argentina) la persecución del gaucho (indiocriollo)
Rigoberta Menchú (Guatemala) La explotación del indígena en Centroamérica.
Rubén Darío (Nicaragua) El modernismo.
García Lorca (España) Poesía gitana
Etc. etc.

Influencias africanas en el Caribe- Salsa, merengue, Cumbia, Cha-Cha
Rumba, etc.
Influencias árabes y gitanas en España. El flamenco, etc.
Influencias indígenas, regionales y extranjeras – Mariachi, Norteña, Tango, Música clásica.
Músicos - Andrés Segovia. Pablo Casals, etc.
Cantantes – Carlos Gardel, Julio Iglesias, Enrique Iglesias, Santana, Plácido Domingo, Linda Ronstad, etc.

Época pre-colombina.
Época colonial.
Revoluciones del siglo XIX
Revoluciones del siglo XX – Pancho Villa y Emiliano Zapata (Méjico)
Fidel Castro y Che Guevara (Cuba), Che Guevara (Bolivia)
Juan y Eva Perón (Argentina), Augusto Sandino (Nicaragua), Marcos y los zapatistas(Méjico), El Arzobispo
Romero (El Salvador)

El catolicismo.
La Santería.
Otras religiones y prácticas


Don Quijote de La Mancha y sus proverbios.

Importancia universal del mito de Eva Perón, etc.